Items filtered by date: July 2022

Saturday, 30 July 2022 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Tuesday, 26 July 2022 00:00

Two Categories of Clubfoot

Clubfoot is considered to be a congenital foot condition. The medical name for it is known as congenital talipes equinovarus, and the abbreviation is CTEV.  A noticeable sign of this condition is that the infant's feet are rotated at the ankle. There are two categories of CTEV - postural and structural. The former involves tightness or muscle imbalance, and the bones and joints are generally not affected by this type of clubfoot. The latter is a deformity that affects the bones and joints, and reaching a full range of motion may be difficult to accomplish. The symptoms that are associated with CTEV can consist of tight calf muscles, and the feet will turn inward. Research has indicated that genetics and environment may contribute to developing structural CTEV. When walking begins, the child may have difficulty in maintaining a normal walking pattern, and they may have foot pain and limited mobility. Specific stretches can possibly help postural CTEV, and surgery may be necessary in structural CTEV, which may help to properly align the feet. If your child has been born with clubfoot, it is strongly advised that a podiatrist be contacted who can diagnose and manage this condition.

 

Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of The Sun Healthcare & Surgery Group. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.

What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?

A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.

What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?

Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:

  • Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
  • Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
  • Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
  • Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
  • Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
  • Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.

Treatment and Prevention

While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Antioch, and Martinez, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Congenital Foot Problems

The plantar fascia is a rubber band-like tissue that helps form the heel and connect the toes with the heel. When this tissue gets damaged, it can become inflamed and torn. This injury can be very painful, especially in the morning. There are many possible causes of plantar fasciitis, such as having to stand while working, being obese, having diabetes, putting undue pressure on your heels, having tightened calf muscles or arches, or impacting your heels repeatedly in the same spot. Your podiatrist may first suggest cutting back on any activity that is impacting your heels, or losing weight if your plantar fasciitis is linked to your weight. They may also prescribe custom orthotics to cushion the heels, taping to ease pain, night splints to keep your plantar fascia slightly stretched overnight, or specific plantar fascia stretches. Certain anti-inflammatory medications can help reduce pain and inflammation as well. Contact a podiatrist to discuss these plantar fasciitis treatment options and more.


 

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact one of our podiatrists  from The Sun Healthcare & Surgery Group. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Antioch, and Martinez, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Tuesday, 12 July 2022 00:00

Causes and Symptoms of Turf Toe

Turf toe is an injury that occurs when the big toe is bent past 90 degrees and the heel is high off the ground. Imagine a runner or football player in the starting position. Pushing off forcefully can cause the joint to extend beyond its natural range of motion. That in turn causes the tissues in the joint to be stretched or torn. Turf toe can also be the result of actions repeated over a long period, such as a ballet dancer jumping or leaping. It can also be caused by trauma, such as  when an athlete makes a sudden change of direction while running. There are three grades of turf toe. Grade 1 is when the tissue is stretched, but not torn. Symptoms include mild pain and swelling. Grade 2 is when the tissue is partially torn, causing intense discomfort over a broader area, along with swelling and some bruising. In Grade 3 injuries, the tissue is more severely torn, and the joint may become dislocated. Pain and swelling increases, and it is difficult to move the toe, let alone participate in physical activity. If you believe you have some form of turf toe, please consult a podiatrist for an immediate exam, diagnosis, and treatment options. 

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of The Sun Healthcare & Surgery Group. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Antioch, and Martinez, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Toe Pain
Tuesday, 05 July 2022 00:00

Causes of Numbness in the Feet

Sometimes your foot “goes to sleep” as the result of sitting awkwardly or wearing tight shoes. This is a temporary condition and in most cases, it resolves itself easily. Other causes of numbness in the feet and toes can be problematic as well as dangerous to your health. It can often be traced to a nerve damage that causes the feet to stop receiving transmissions from the brain, also known as peripheral neuropathy. Another common cause is damage to the circulatory system. Blood vessels become constricted and cannot supply the proper amount of blood to the area, causing peripheral artery disease (PAD). Diabetes, systemic diseases, vitamin deficiency, and alcoholism also can contribute to this condition. Physical conditions, including a herniated disc and spinal stenosis, can lead to numbness in one or both feet. Deep vein thrombosis (blood clots), extreme cold, atherosclerosis (a thickening of arterial walls), and Raynaud’s disease may cause numbness in the lower extremities. Caution is the byword when numbness, tingling and burning sensations in the feet and toes occur or won’t subside. Please consult a podiatrist as soon as possible for a diagnosis and appropriate treatment measures.  

Neuropathy

Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with one of our podiatrists from The Sun Healthcare & Surgery Group. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.

What Is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.

Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:

  • Numbness
  • Sensation loss
  • Prickling and tingling sensations
  • Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
  • Muscle weakness

Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.

Treatment

To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.

Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Antioch, and Martinez, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Neuropathy

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